The Chengdu Shishi High School (四川成都市石室中学) stands on the site of what was the oldest public school in China, and likely in the world. The school was established during the Han Dynasty, probably in the year 141 C.E., by then Shu governor Wen Wang. Over the centuries, the building housing the school was destroyed numerous times, but always rebuilt, although not always immediately. The school has been given various names throughout the millennium, but since the early 1980s has officially readopted its original name—"stone room"—although it is also often referred to as Chengdu No. 4 Middle School.
Today the school enjoys nationwide prestige as an extremely selective middle and high school with an extraordinary gaokao pass rate among students. Shishi has exchange programs with schools in more than 10 countries worldwide, and graduates go on to attend the country's highest-ranked universities.